Skin Type verses Skin Conditions



As an Esthetician I get asked all the time “what type of facial or product is best for me.

Generally the first question I ask is what about your skin would you like to change?  Followed by what their current home care regime is.  Often times many clients are not even sure what products to buy.  This can be very confusing when you standing in the aisle with 100’s of products on the shelves.

First you need to know what your skin type is and secondly what skin condition you wish to treat.  Don’t know they difference?

Hopefully this will help break it down.

Skin Types are defined as the skin you are naturally born with and generally fall into these categories. Your basic skincare needs are affected by the type of skin you have and  will determine your daily facial routine.

Normal: Normal skin is characterize as having a smooth texture with small unnoticeable pores,  There are no visible blemishes, greasy patches or flaky areas.

Dry:  Dry Skin is often the most confusing as many people think their skin is dry when its actually dehydrated.  Dry skin is skincare means the absence of oils in the skin.  It is characterized as dull, tight and with flaky patches. The appearance of the pores will be small and your skin may also have lack of elasticity.

Oily: Oily Skin  is caused by overactive sebaceous glands and increased amount of lipids on the skin surface, Your skin will generally appear overly shiny and greasy.  The pores will also be larger and may also be congested and prone to blackheads.

Combination: Combination skin is the most popular skin type.  With a combination skin type your an share one or more of the other skin types listed. Most people with combination skin will have an oilier t-zone area (forehead nose and  chin) and drier areas on the cheeks and under the eyes.

Sensitive:  Sensitive skin is not really a skin type but rather as skin condition. Most people who claim to be sensitive may frequently experience redness, itching, burning, bumps/hives and/or dryness when the application of a topical skin care products. HOWEVER, those who experience sensitivity should ALWAYS choose products suited to sensitive skin before ANY other skin type or skin condition.

Skin Conditions are very different.  Skin conditions are not genetic and can change at any time. Skin conditions  are caused mainly by external factors and can be found on all the different Skin Types.

The most common  skin conditions are

Acne: consists of persistent break outs usually inflamed and/or red

Aging: loss of elasticity and muscle tone as well as wrinkles

Dehydration : 9 of of 10 people are dehydrated due lack of water in the skin (not lack of oils)  You can be oily and dehydrated at the same time.

Hyperpigmentation:  is characterized as having an uneven distribution of melanin or skin tone.  You can experience this in small patches or widely spread all over the body.

This can be caused by many factor

  • Sun exposure can cause Lentigines also known as Age Spots or Liver Spots.  Your best defense is wearing SPF daily!
  • Hormonal changes ( Melasma is common during pregnancy, with thyroid conditions, and in those whom use birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy.
  • Heredity
  • Acne (hyperpigmentation is caused by acne or some other trauma that causes  inflammation in the skin, it is known as PIH, or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.


These and other conditions can be managed with regular visits to your Esthetican and with a commitment to a proper home care regime.  Still unsure of which way to go?  Book yourself an Allure Signature Facial with me and let go over your skin type your skin condition and get you started with proper treatments and protocols.

Convenient online booking 24/7 at




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